To communicate clearly and well, writing should be grammatical and consistent. Sloppy writing makes an audience work harder to understand the message; it is also likely to make them wonder whether the author should be relied upon in the first place.
No matter what your topic – from astronomy to zirconium – following writing conventions will help your communication.
Thankfully, the kind folk at Biotext (http://www.biotext.com.au ), a leading Australian science communication company, have devoted countless hours to compiling the Australian manual of scientific style (AMOSS). They describe it as a ‘key resource for the Australian scientific and communications community. It brings together a wealth of information on scientific writing, style and design, to support the presentation of clear and correct scientific communication.’
So here are AMOSS’s answers to 10 style and grammar questions frequently asked by writers.
- Ten or 10?
‘Use numerals (digits) to express all quantities – whether small or large – in running text.’
- Fertilize or fertilise, etc.?
‘In Australia, we use ise and yse endings, not ize or –yze’.
- Should I put a space between the number and the unit?
‘Separate an alphabetic symbol from a number with a space. A nonalphabetic symbol is usually closed up to the number.’ So, you write 4 g and 28 mm, but 25% and refer to an angle of 45°. You also write ‘25 °C’.
- ‘sulfur or sulphur?
‘The element name is sulfur (lower case, except when starting a sentence).’ Compounds of sulfur, such as sulfuric acid, take the ‘f’.
- How do I describe the time?
12:01 pm, for example
- What about year spans?
‘1998–99, not 1998/99’
- e.g. or eg?
‘eg’, and thus ‘ie’ and ‘etc’
- When do I use a semi-colon?
‘To link two closely related clauses that could otherwise be separate sentences. We submitted the paper to Virology; this was more appropriate for the topic than Cell.’
- Single or double quotation marks?
Single, ‘smart’ quotation marks (‘ ’) are used.
- Do I use a semi-colon to end each bullet point in a list that starts with a sentence?
‘Use lower case for the first word and punctuate only with a full stop at the end of the list.’
What are your style and grammar questions?